Gastrointestinal endoscopy also called esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The purpose of this test is to identify any abnormalities in your esophagus, stomach and/or duodenum by passing a flexible fiber optic tube through your mouth and down the back of the throat into the esophagus. The results obtained from this test may explain the cause of symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, reflux, or difficulty swallowing.
An Upper Endoscopy is a procedure in which a thin scope with a light and camera is used to examine the inside of the upper digestive system–esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine.
How do I prepare for the exam?
- DO NOT eat or drink anything after midnight prior to your procedure.
- Please take all regularly scheduled blood pressure medications with a small amount of water the day of the procedure.
- If you take insulin or oral diabetic medications, please follow directions provided by your physician.
- If you take Coumadin, Warfarin or xarelto, please call our office for specific instructions.
- Wear comfortable, casual clothing.
- Bring a list of your current medications and allergies with you.
- YOU WILL BE SEDATED FOR THIS PROCEDURE AND WILL REQUIRE AN ADULT(18 YEARS OR OLDER) TO DRIVE YOU HOME. YOUR DRIVER WILL BE REQUIRED TO STAY AT THE FACILITY DURING YOUR PROCEDURE. The facility at which you are scheduled has the right to delay or cancel your procedure in the event that you do not have an adult with you when you arrive for your appointment.
- Do not plan to drive, go to work, sign any legal documents or participate in any activities that require concentration during the remainder of the day.
- Please arrive for your procedure at the scheduled arrival time. If you are unable to keep your appointment, please call our office as soon as possible to reschedule. We reserve the right to charge for missed procedures or procedures cancelled less than 48 hours in advance.
What occurs during the examination?
Prior to beginning the examination the nurse may spray the throat with a numbing medication. The physician will give you medication to sedate you for the exam. Please notify our office of any medication allergies. The physician will use a small, lighted flexible fiber obtic tube, thinner than most of the food you swallow to examine the lining of the upper digestive tract. The procedure does not obstruct breathing passages. The physician may biopsy (take tissue samples) during the examination. The specimens will be sent to the pathologist for examination under the microscope. Biopsies are not painful.
Are there any possible complications?
EGD is safe and is associated with a very low risk for complications. Possible complications include: hemorrhage (bleeding), perforation (tearing) of the esophagus or stomach, pneumonia, or an adverse reaction to the medications used for sedation.
What can I expect after the procedure?
Do not eat or drink anything for one hour after your exam. You may feel sleepy for several hours after the examination. Do not plan to return to work, drive or sign any legal documents for the remainder of the day. You may experience a mild sore throat lasting one or two days after the exam. You may use throat lozenges for relief.